Check the Difference between Fibromyalgia and Polymyalgia?

Check the Difference between Fibromyalgia and Polymyalgia?

A condition that is known to be autoimmune. It’s almost exclusively seen in people over 65. Doctors may not even consider this to be true of anyone who is not a senior citizen. About 0.5 percent of people over 50 years of age have PMR, making it a rare disease.

To give you a comparison of the effects of fibromyalgia between two and four percent of the U.S. population, a 2014 Rheumatology International study suggested that PMR may be present in about three percent of people with fibromyalgia. If this is valid, it would make it much more popular in this category than in the general population.

Fibromyalgia and Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PR) are two conditions that can be confused because they have similar and sometimes overlapping symptoms. PR is sometimes misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia, or sometimes overlooked as it is similar in people who have already been diagnosed with fibromyalgia.

Difference between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia

There are some key differences between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia:

•  Polymyalgia causes resting muscle pain, while fibromyalgia causes deep pressure pain.

•  Polymyalgia commonly affects the elderly, while fibromyalgia is more common in the middle age group.

•  Both conditions are associated with psychiatric conditions, while fibromyalgia has abnormally higher mental functions.

•  Polymyalgia responds to steroids and fibromyalgia requires more targeted treatment.

•  Polymyalgia involves inflammation, but not fibromyalgia.

•  Polymyalgia is thought to be an autoimmune disease, unlike fibromyalgia.

•  Polymyalgia pain is common in limited locations, while fibromyalgia is widespread.

•  Polymyalgia typically occurs rapidly, unlike fibromyalgia.

Symptom similarities

Polymyalgia rheumatica and fibromyalgia are musculoskeletal diseases with symptoms that can be difficult to tell apart. When you have rheumatic polymyalgia, you feel pain and weakness in the muscles of your shoulders and upper arms (the shoulder girdle) and hips (the pelvic girdle).

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This feeling also comes after you’ve spent some time sleeping, and is most intense when you wake up from sleep. Fibromyalgia may also cause muscle pain in the same parts of the body. But it’s more widespread and the pain is more severe. People with fibromyalgia continue to experience other symptoms, including

•  fatigation

• Sleep trouble

• memory issues

• the problems of bowel and bladder

Diagnosis

Fibromyalgia is an absence condition. This means that if a person has widespread chronic pain throughout the body and the doctor can not find any other cause, he or she can diagnosis fibromyalgia. No single test can determine whether a person has fibromyalgia.

However, a physical examination looking for specific tendering points may be helpful. Your doctor may also take blood samples to rule out inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and polymyalgia.

Blood tests for polymyalgia

Blood tests can usually be used to diagnose polymyalgia. Most people with polymyalgia have increased levels of inflammatory proteins in their blood. Its red blood cells may also show changes that are characteristic of inflammation. Your doctor might also conduct other tests to rule out other inflammatory disorders, such as a biopsy or a blood test for the rheumatoid factor. These tests are standard for people with polymyalgia, but not for people with other conditions.

Facts about fibromyalgia and polymyalgia rheumatic

1. PR sufferers deal specifically with pain in the neck, shoulders, and hips.

2. PR sufferers have inflammation of the neck , shoulders, and hips.

3. They both experience stiffness in the morning.

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4. PR has flu-like symptoms, including fever, weakness and so on.

5. Age of onset-PR generally occurs only in people over the age of 50, while fibromyalgia may occur much earlier.

6. The symptoms of PR come on suddenly.

7. The signs of fibromyalgia are usually present for longer periods of time.

8. PR typically disappears within 1 to 4 years of the first bout of symptoms.

9. PR is being treated with corticosteroids.

10. Fibromyalgia is treated with changes in stress management and lifestyle, as well as medicines.

11. PR is administered by corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

12. PR may be diagnosed with the aid of a blood test called Rapid Westergren ESR (Erythrocyte (red blood cell) Sedimentation Rate).

Polymyalgia and fibromyalgia are often confused as they both cause muscle pain in the body and have similar names. However, there are different disorders with different causes. In fact, a person may have both polymyalgia and fibromyalgia.

Rheumatic polymyalgia is an inflammatory form of arthritis. Fibromyalgia does not exhibit typical symptoms of inflammation, although some new work in 2017 indicates that it may also include inflammation.

The causes of two conditions is different

The causes of these two conditions are different:

• Polymyalgia is considered an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune conditions, by accident, cause the body to invade healthy tissue.

• Fibromyalgia pain is believed to be caused by overactive nerves that make the body experience discomfort with no physical damage.

This means that fibromyalgia may arise due to the way the brain and nerves feel, while polymyalgia develops due to problems with the immune system.

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Treating fibromyalgia

Treating fibromyalgia can be difficult, as the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown. Therefore, symptom control is the aim of fibromyalgia therapy. Your doctor may prescribe analgesics or analgesics to treat fibromyalgia. However, there is a risk that these drugs will become addicted, so physicians may recommend this option with caution.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs) may also be used for pain management, but long-term use of these drugs may lead to unwanted side effects. In some cases, antidepressants may also be prescribed. Alternative and complementary treatments and treatments for fibromyalgia include massages, acupuncture, cognitive behavioral therapy, movement therapy, and chiropractic.

Low-dose corticosteroids are used to treat polymyalgia

Low-dose corticosteroids are used to treat polymyalgia and symptom relief may begin within the first three days. If you do not respond to corticosteroids, you may be referred to a rheumatologist by your doctor. Long-term use of corticosteroids may increase the risk of complications for your health, so your doctor will want to keep your dosages low and eventually take you out of the medication.

Reference:

  • What’s the Difference Between Fibromyalgia and Polymyalgia? by Starla Rich via Fibromyalgia NLO

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